Implementation of IoT in environment protection practices
Though machines have made our lives easier, the popular notion that exists within a certain section of the population is that they have also contributed towards environmental degradation. New age technologies such as IoT are challenging this perception. Iot has been successfully implemented in various environment protection schemes. The following examples elucidate on the above statement.
Environmental sensors: Deploying sensors to measure air quality, water quality or radiation or detect hazardous chemicals can help track the evolution of environment. Inaccessible, polluted or uninhabitable places can be accessed without risking the health of technicians. Parents of infants with breathing problems and asthma affected citizens could also receive precise information in real time. Workers that need to operate in hazardous conditions can benefit from this real time environmental data.
Smart farming: Efficient farming has a huge positive impact on the environment. Connected drones are being deployed in farming. Their spectral on-board sensors help farmers optimise the use of fertilizers and plant protection products besides providing airborne soil condition data to complement soil sensor information.
Tracking endangered species: IoT technology has enabled scientists, conservationists and citizen scientists to track and quantify endangered species through an increased ability to collect, transmit, store and share data.
Fighting deforestation: In many tropical countries there is a thriving black market for illegally cut timber. Earth Observation, a provider for forest and marine monitoring solution has developed an infrared and GPS-based system which creates a unique biometric record of individual trees that have been legally authorized for harvest and uses a smartphone app to transmit data to a tracking system. Thus iot is helping in circumventing opportunities for bribes and falsification of data that allow the illegal trade of timber.
Energy efficiency: Smart Home and Smart Building energy management, efficient use of home appliances, smart grid devices, asset tracking applied to logistics and smart industrial motors that adapt speed variably are some examples where iot is being put into use.
Energy Requirements: The energy toll of adding connected devices by the million every year is enormous and it cannot be overseen. It is in the interest of everyone moving forward to create an IoT that minimizes energy requirements and environmental impact. In the near future, ubiquitous low-power sensors will be able to work under conditions that surpass current IoT capabilities. Besides working underground or being able to be deployed at a long distance from the nearest antenna, battery life will be extended to last for years thereby reducing the energy impact.
Thus, the benefits of the internet of things is being strongly felt in the environmental domain.